Free «Governance in the Context of Global Health and Development» UK Essay Sample
Nowadays, countries’ endeavor to strengthen the national health systems is constrained by the resource contexts. Policy-makers have to realize how to operate best in order to ameliorate the performance of health organizations. To facilitate these resolutions, health structure stewards must obtain an excellent understanding the ways in which health systems can better operate to manage them efficiently. While a plenty of frameworks have been proposed, unrealistic criteria often impede their implementation, or they are unduly networked. The latter can result in restricted empirical labor on leadership in health care structures among other issues. In such a context, governance is essential since this strategy allows monitoring and control of a variety of factors that determine the scale and extent of health problems as well as making the reasoned improvements to address health issues across the globe.
Foremost, governance is essential in constructing a health system that is likely to ensure that strategic policy of the framework combines with efficient regulation and oversight. First, the governance aims to provide people with adequate conditions of life. Health services must be affordable for all classes of humans, “. . . not just to the poor people of the world, but to all . . .” (Rapley 3). Unfortunately, services for indigent people are often inaccessible or insufficient. Therefore, governance leadership can be a tool for assisting inhabitants in obtaining well-paid jobs and social conditions to be able to afford health insurance and solvency.
Second, proper governance is likely to help overcome the corruption in the health care industry. This phenomenon in the sector means the contrast between death and life. Employees in health industry demand bribes for the treatment and medication that must be free. The issue also fetches lives when fake medicines are sold to healthiness services. The aim of the governance is elimination of the challenge since “. . . perceptions of the prevalence and severity of corruption suggest a belief in the potential to incentivize improved performance (reduced corruption) by providing information on the perceived level of corruption. . . ” (Public Services at the Crossroads 7). In other words, governance representatives have to publish comprehensive health budgets and easy-to-understand financial information. Medical workers have to attain adequate payment. Only then, employees will be satisfied and will not demand bribes.
Third, one more argument in support of relevance of governance is capacity to care about the health care management and establish proper control and evaluation over medical facilities. In this regard, specialists are likely to ensure that the sector’s components “. . . tend to be covered by local populations and their health professionals, so the skills of incoming medical personnel should be closely matched to specific shortages within the country” (Few et al. 70). The staff has to tackle their professional duties but only those within their competence.
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Fourth, governance is significant for analysis and control over social determinants of health in the areas of education and disease prevention. For instance, monitoring of these fields assists in the development of early cognitive and non-cognitive skills, which are key predictors of mental and physical health and quality of life. The government representatives must “deliver basic services, especially health, education, water and sanitation, and enhance the relationship between citizens and the state” as well as implement health education trainings at schools and kindergartens (Public Services at the Crossroads 10). At the same time, this factor aids in prevention of violence, depression, tobacco, alcohol, and unsafe sexual activity among other issues. The social determination in the area of disease prevention involves averting of high blood pressure, overweight, high serum cholesterol, insufficient physical activity, and unhealthy diet, to name a few. National as well as local strategies implemented at home, schools, and organizations can all potentially enhance the overall health condition of the population. Moreover, cooperation between governmental and nongovernmental systems can bring universal prevention. The investments in health prevention implemented efficiently can improve health and extend the life expectancy.
Fifth, governance has an opportunity to influence not only health industry of a particular country but also global human problems. The planet is constantly warming, and this phenomenon causes negative impacts on people’s health and wellbeing. The warming is due to the man’s activities, such as harmful fossil fuels or exhausting of natural resources. The governance has power and capacities to control the output of natural resources, cutting down of forests, and pollution of the world ocean among others. To be more precise, government representatives are in charge of creating the alternative sources of energy and other tools for climate control. In this light, the prevention of floods, eruptions, and tsunami is likely to occur. The averting of the epidemics is in the scope of their responsibility and authority as well. Such illnesses as, “. . . acute respiratory infections, diarrhoea, malaria, measles, neonatal causes, and malnutrition. . .” spread over the entire world can be monitored and controlled in this way, at least to a preventable degree (Salamaet al. 1801). Millions of inhabitants die because of these diseases, particularly those, where there are not sufficient amount of food, the qualitative water resources, and necessary medical treatment. Therefore, governance can be a valuable tool for supporting these people and offering them normal conditions of life.
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Therefore, the world governance is crucial for ensuring the multidimensional monitoring and control of health care. This concept and practice influences the processes that occur in the world and can make this planet a better place to live. First, the importance of governance stems from its capacity to study the medical industry and populations thoroughly and implement alterations within its constraints, such as reduction of corruption, which leads to the people’s deaths, ensure the professionalism of the medical staff, support humans with sustainable medical and proper life conditions in general. In addition, health education and disease prevention is a critical area for governance to treat it. The next factor of significance is linked to consideration of global complications, including global warming and spread of epidemics.
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